Types of Bone Grafts

If your jawbone isn’t thick enough or is too soft, you may need bone grafting before you can have dental implant surgery. That’s because the powerful chewing action of your mouth exerts great pressure on your bone, and if it can’t support the implant, the surgery likely would fail. A bone graft can create a more solid base for the implant.

There are different types of bone graft but the most common is called an Autograft (also known as Autogenous). This is where the bone is taken from another part of the patient’s body and used to bolster the jaw bone. It is also possible to use bone grafts taken from animals (xenografts) or other humans (allograft). A type of procedure called an alloplastic graft can also be conducted where synthetic material is used to strengthen the jaw bone.

  • • Autograft: Taking bone from one site in your body and moving it to another. This is the only type of bone graft that involves creating two surgical sites: the one from which the bone is harvested and the one where it is deposited.
  • • Allograft: This refers to laboratory-processed human bone from a deceased donor that comes from a tissue bank.
  • • Xenograft: This bone grafting material comes from an animal.
  • • Alloplast: This type of graft uses synthetic (man-made) materials.

Bone grafting and dental implant procedures can vary depending on the individual situation. For example, a tooth may be extracted and a bone graft and dental implant are performed at the same time. For a tooth that has fallen out on its own, a bone graft may be performed first, followed by an implant simultaneously or shortly.

We understand that you must know several factors before deciding if dental implants and a possible bone graft is right for you. Our staff is here to answer your questions at any time. We encourage you to schedule a consultation with experts at Lovesmile to discuss the procedure in-depth.

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